Horse Fencing – Electric Fencing Might Be Right For You
There are many different types of containment structures you can use to keep your horses on your property. Electric horse fencing, is a very specific type that you may or may not want to consider. It will depend on the climate you live in, the type of soil that is on your property and how you want to keep the fence charged.Horses are easy to control with electric fencing. They are intelligent animals and quickly learn to respect a fence. Many people are concerned about whether electrical fences are safe, but there is simply an irrational fear surrounding the use of such fences.
There are two essential components to electric fencing. One of the components send the current out, and the other component is the negative or neutral element that provides for a complete circuit of electricity. There is a line that the energy runs through that runs around the enclosure. The negative or neutral elements are made up of the negative terminal portal on the charger and all the conductors that are connected to it.
At that point, it is a complete circuit. When the animal touches the fence, it essentially shortens the circuit and becomes the conduit for the electricity. The current will travel through the animal’s body and down out their hooves into the ground and back to the terminal to complete the circuit. For this to work, though, the ground must have a certain amount of water in it for the electricity to travel.
This is why grounding and the terminal charger (or energizer) are the most important components of this system. Without proper grounding, the current will stop before it gets to the terminal. If the charger is faulty, there will be little to no electrical current going through the conduit wires.
Installing the grounding correctly the first time will save you time and money later on. The improper ground is one of the most common causes for ineffective electric fencing. To solve this, you can do several things. Add more grounding rods, get a more powerful charger terminal, or you can run a neutral wire six inches away from the live wires, and when the animal touches both at the same time, it will put for an efficient charge.
There are three ways you can run your energizer. You can use batteries, plug it into an electrical outlet or use a solar panel. Batteries run out and need to be replaced or charged, which can be expensive and there can be significant downtime if it goes unnoticed. An electrical source can be very inconvenient to hook up to. The solar powered energizer collects sun energy all year long even in cloudy weather. It is a reliable and secure choice to power your energizer.
Traditional wire or wooden fencing is much more likely to injure your horse especially when they get scared or spooked by a predator and attempt to push through or jump over it. A properly installed electrified fence system is the safest, most obvious method to control horses. Not only is the fence high enough to take the horses weight, but it can be made tall enough that the horse will not attempt to jump it. The materials available as a replacement to wire include electric tape and rope, both highly visible to your horse.